Heimlich & Van Tilburg (1987). Subcultures and Educators – Concerns of Membership in Education.

“… ways in which languages, cultures, and people relate to one another … Complications have been apparent to students of urban societies, which so often have populations of mixed ethnic and linguistic background, several social classes, many religious cults or sects, and highly specialized and differentiated occupations.” (p 4)

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Role-Playing – Summary of a Teaching Model.

Role-playing as a teaching model was brought to contemporary prominence in large part through Fannie Shaftel and George Shaftel (1970)⁠. Their advocacy of role-play was based on research in the problem-story model, simulations, and game theory. Fannie Shaftel described role-play for development of interpersonal skills through dramatizations of “life-situations” (1970, p. 556)⁠. These scenes would … Read more

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Willingham (2005). Do Visual, Auditory, and Kinesthetic Learners Need Visual, Auditory, and Kinesthetic Instruction?

Willingham, D. T. (2005). Do Visual, Auditory, and Kinesthetic Learners Need Visual, Auditory, and Kinesthetic Instruction? American Educator. Retrieved July 1, 2008, from here. The article argues that although learners may have modalities, there’s no evidence that supports differentiating instruction to suit the modalities. Confirming that modality may exist in learners… “… it’s likely that … Read more

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Miller & Seller (1990). Curriculum, Perspectives and Practice, Ch 9.

Miller, J. P., & Seller, W. (1990). Curriculum, Perspectives and Practice. Mississauga: Copp Clark Pittman. (Ch 9, pp 205-209) “A Transmission Model: Gagne’s Instructional Design System” (Ch 9) Book describes Robert Gagne’s system for curriculum development. Addresses “competency-based education” Claims that this system is “… closer to a science of education than other approaches …” … Read more

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