St. Denis & Schick (2003). What makes anti-racist pedagogy in teacher education difficult? Three popular ideological assumptions.

“By meritocracy we mean the assumption that everyone has equal opportunity because we are all basically the same; all that is required to get ahead is hard work, talent, and effort. This is a fundamental promise of capitalism, and [page break] students have thoroughly absorbed this commonsense cultural belief. … Although one does need effort and talent to achieve one’s goals, actual outcomes are in fact mediated in many unacknowledged ways by one’s class, gender, race, and other social identifications and positioning.” (p 63-64)

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