Vygotsky (1978). Mind in society: The development of higher psychological processes.

“It may be said that the basic characteristic of human behavior in general is that humans personally influence their relations with the environment and through that environment personally change their behavior, subjugating it to their control.” (p 51)

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Woolfolk et al (2009). Ch 2 – Cognitive development and language.

Woolfolk, A., Winne, P. H., & Perry, N. E. (2009). Cognitive development and language. In Educational Psychology (4th ed., pp. 20-59). Toronto: Pearson Canada Inc. [Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky are two of the most influential cognitive development theorists. Piaget set forth ideas on what and when students are ready to learn (four stages). Vygotsky … Read more

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Calhoun, Poirier, Simon, & Mueller (2001). Teacher (and District) Research: Three Inquiries into the Picture Word Inductive Model.

Calhoun, E., Poirier, T., Simon, N., & Mueller, L. (2001). Teacher (and District) Research: Three Inquiries into the Picture Word Inductive Model. Retrieved February 16, 2009, from http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/contentdelivery/servlet/ERICServlet?accno=ED456107. [Article describing use of Picture Word Inductive Model (PWIM), with research] “… research on instructional strategies and on promoting growth in reading and writing …” (p 1) … Read more

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Atkinson (1975). Mnemotechnics in second-language learning.

Atkinson, R. C. (1975). Mnemotechnics in second-language learning. American Psychologist, 30(8), 821-828. [Article on Mnemonics] “… mnemonic techniques …” (p 821) “… a mnemonic aid for vocabulary learning that we have dubbed the keyword method.” (p 821) “In general, the keyword has no relationship to the foreign word except for the fact that it is … Read more

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Ausubel (1960). The use of advance organizers in the learning and retention of meaningful verbal material.

Ausubel, D. P. (1960). The use of advance organizers in the learning and retention of meaningful verbal material. Journal of Educational Psychology. Vol. 51(5), 51(5), 267-272. [Article pertaining to Advance Organizers] “This hypothesis is based on the assumption that cognitive structure is hierarchically organized in terms of highly inclusive concepts under which are subsumed less … Read more

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Salisbury (1970). Role Playing: Rehearsal for Language Change.

Salisbury, L. (1970). Role Playing: Rehearsal for Language Change. TESOL Quarterly, 4(4), 331-336. “Positive reinforcement from other peers playing the game provides a more potent payoff than does teacher approval or grades.” (p 331) “… have been observed to drop their local speech patterns when assuming mainstream figure roles in language games.” (p 331) “… … Read more

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