Bos, A. (2001). Adult Education in the Community Colleges. In D. H. Poonwassie & A. Poonwassie (Eds.), Fundamentals of adult education: issues and practices for lifelong learning (1st ed., pp. 171-188). Thompson Educational Publishing.
Svinicki, M. D. (1999). New Directions in Learning and Motivation. New Directions for Teaching and Learning, 1999(80), 5-27. doi: 10.1002/tl.8001. “We have not abandoned earlier instructional methods as new theories have come along, but we have realigned some of our interpretations of what is going on when learning takes place.” (p 5) “Adopting the scientific … Read more
Salisbury, L. (1970). Role Playing: Rehearsal for Language Change. TESOL Quarterly, 4(4), 331-336. “Positive reinforcement from other peers playing the game provides a more potent payoff than does teacher approval or grades.” (p 331) “… have been observed to drop their local speech patterns when assuming mainstream figure roles in language games.” (p 331) “… … Read more
Allen, D. I., & White, R. T. (1980). Learning Objectives and Teaching Strategies. Canadian Journal of Education / Revue canadienne de l’éducation, 5(2), 23-42. “A proposal is made for division of objectives into five categories suggested by Gagne: verbal knowledge, intellectual skills, cognitive strategies, attitudes, and motor skills.” (p 23) “… many day-to-day teaching activities … Read more
Holloway, E. L., & Wampold, B. E. (1986). Relation Between Conceptual Level and Counseling-Related Tasks: A Meta-Analysis. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 33(3), 310-19. “CST is a developmental system of organizing personality based on individual differences in social cognition. The theory embraces an interactionist view of behavior as first described in Lewin’s (1935) field theory; behavior … Read more
“It has been our experience that although social sanctions prevent students from making inappropriate comments in class concerning race and ethnicity, social class, or religious beliefs, it is perceived by many students to be acceptable to make inappropriate remarks regarding sexual orientation.” (p 36-37)
“… ways in which languages, cultures, and people relate to one another … Complications have been apparent to students of urban societies, which so often have populations of mixed ethnic and linguistic background, several social classes, many religious cults or sects, and highly specialized and differentiated occupations.” (p 4)
“A working or guiding philosophy of educational practice provides the foundation for all decisions, processes, and actions made about the instructional and learning process.” (p 11)