References used in presentation at Graduate Students Conference on Indigenous Knowledge and Research in Indigenous Studies, 2018.
Information technology and its application in education — at least in Canada — would simply replicate “the process of cognitive imperialism” that had been part of its history (Battiste, 2004, p. 120). Canadian Indigenous peoples maintain traditions of knowledge-keepers, sacred knowledge, and other knowledge practices — concepts that are excluded by default in contemporary technologies (Battiste, 2004; Cowden & Singh, 2013; Larsen, 2015).
Kinasevych, O. (2017, May). Culture in the Balance: Risks and Rewards of Technology in Indigenous Language Learning. Presented at the Congress of the Humanities and Social Sciences 2017 & 2017 Conference of the Canadian Society for the Study of Education (CSSE), Toronto. References Abele, F., & Stasiulis, D. (1989). Canada as a “White Settler … Read more
“In an era defined by information technology, more often than not the question of why is being countered with an answer of why not, and any further dialogue withers. Thoughtful research and reflection of technology’s culturally-appropriate application in teaching and learning may not get adequate consideration — such scrutiny is often perceived as an impediment to the progress that technology is presumed to bring.”
The assessment of learning was merged with time limits, “a compromise for the sake of administrative efficiency” (Wesman, 1949, p. 51). Deadline performance became a proxy for actual learning, thereby diminishing learner autonomy, motivation, and creativity (Deci & Ryan, 2012).
“It’s easier to ask forgiveness than it is to get permission.”
— U.S. Rear Admiral Grace Murray Hopper (1906 – 1992)
The act of photography exposes the photographer to the subject, inasmuch as the subject is exposed to the photographer. This mutual exposure creates an opportunity for engagement. The act of photography provides for a dialogue between the subject and an imagined audience, with the photographer as intermediary.