Petre & Rugg (2010). Presentations. (The Unwritten Rules Of PhD Research.)

Petre, M., & Rugg, G. (2010). Presentations. In The Unwritten Rules Of PhD Research (pp. 170–182). McGraw-Hill International.

[“Content” (p 171) …]

“Most presentations are divided into three parts. The classic advice is: ‘First, tell the audience what you’re going to say. Then say it. Then tell them what you’ve just said.'” (p 171)

[“Audience” (p 171) …]

[“Time” (p 172) …]

“It is essential to cover enough of the design and structure of your research for the audience to grasp its character.” (p 173)

“… don’t sacrifice the evidence, otherwise your take-away message won’t be convincing. Don’t short-change the context, otherwise the research choices may not make sense. Don’t forget to motivate the question, otherwise the audience might wonder why you’re bothering.” (p 173)

“A handy tip for timing is to have a master sheet in front of you which tells you which topic you should be covering at what time — for instance, ‘10.15 — slide about software failure rates’.” (p 173)

[“The message” (p 174) …]

“What’s your ‘take-away message’? Think of a talk as an extended abstract, rather than a full journal paper: your aim is to convey the unique character of your research, with enough detail so that the audience can grasp the big picture and understand what distinguishes your research from other related work.” (p 174)

[“Form” (p 174) …]

[“First impressions” (p 174) …]

[“Slides” (p 175) …]

[“What sort of script?” (p 175) …]

[“Mechanics” (p 176) …]

[“Reading the audience” (p 177) …]

“You need to send out to your audience the signal that you are a professional with a thorough grasp of the subject matter. You can send out some positive signals about this in the same way as when writing. For instance, when you quote one of the classic texts, you can mention in passing a more recent, more sophisticated critique of that classic text which is not widely known except among academic heavyweights.” (p 178)

[“Other handy tips” (p 178) …]

[“Dealing with nerves” (p 179) …]

[“Handling questions” (p 180) …]

“You don’t have to disagree with a critic. You can say: ‘That’s a really interesting point, and I don’t think it’s been properly addressed in the literature.’ You have shown yourself to be courteous and open-minded, and ready to take on board what they are saying; you are also implying that the omission is common to the literature in the area, rather than a failing on your part.” (p 180)

“Fending off references to unfamiliar literature: if you don’t know the [page break] paper you’re being asked about, you can throw the question back to the asker: ‘I’m not familiar with that paper; what point does the author make?’ Or you can ask the questioner to relate it to literature you _do_ know … Don’t fake it.” (p 180-181)

“Technical questions: divert overly technical questions to private discussion: ‘That’s an interesting point, but it would take a while to answer. Could we discuss it at the break?'” (p 181)

“Missed questions: if you’re not sure you’ve understood the question, then paraphrase it back to the questioner: ‘If I’ve understood you correctly, you’re asking me if …’ and then answer _your_ version. If you haven’t followed the question at all, ask the questioner to repeat it – he or she may ask a simpler version.” (p 181)

“Long questions: have paper and pencil ready. If someone asks a multi-part question, or passes off an essay as a question, then making some quick notes will help you keep track of what you want to say in response.” (p 181)

[“Have comfort food and bandages ready” (p 181) …]

“A good strategy (once you’re out of the danger zone) is to feel utterly sorry for yourself for the rest of the day and seek solace in comfort foods and your personal equivalent of bandages — a small sherry, chocolate, watching a movie with a high body count, or whatever, thus giving your psyche a chance to sort itself out.” (p 182)

[“The three golden rules of public speaking” (p 182) …]

[“A brief checklist for presentations” (p 182) …]

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