Petre & Rugg (2010). Paper types.

Petre, M., & Rugg, G. (2010). Paper types. In The Unwritten Rules Of PhD Research (pp. 86–94). McGraw-Hill International.

[“Data-driven papers” … 87]

  • “Work-in-progress papers: … The key ingredients are: a strong idea; clarity about where the idea fits in the ‘territory’ and how it’s distinguished; and speculation about its implications (if it works).” (p 87)

[“Methods papers 89” …]

“Methods papers … the key ingredients are: what it is; how it works; what it’s good for — both its utility and what distinguishes it from other related methods; and a discussion of any constraints on its use (e.g. level of resolution, conventions of use, limitations, costs).” (p 89)

“Tutorial papers: these describe a method and explain how to use it. The method may not be original — it may be the full elaboration of a method introduced elsewhere, even by other authors.” (p 90)

“Method-mongering papers: these describe a method with the aim of suggesting that it should be more widely used. … One advantage of method-mongering papers is that if you are already familiar with a suitable method from another field, then you can put together a method-mongering paper fairly easily; all you will need are some nice examples of your method-cracking problems, traditionally viewed as difficult in the new field of application.” (p 90)

[“Theoretical papers” … 90]

  • “Refining or extending existing theory
  • Setting the agenda for needed new theory (without actually proposing that new theory)” (p 90)

[“Consciousness-raising papers” … 91]

“… intended to raise awareness of issues which have not previously received sufficient attention in a field of research; these issues often involve application of methods or concepts which are standard in another field, but not well known in the field where the consciousness-raising paper is written.” (p 91)

[“Agenda-setting papers” … 92]

“… are about pointing out new directions, mapping out journeys and generally playing navigator for a research community.” (p 92)

[“Review papers” … 92]

“… more than just annotated bibliographies. They ‘add value’ to the reviewed literature by organizing it, either revealing the underlying structure or bringing structure to it, and by considering it critically and systematically.” (p 92)

“… a crucial difference between a review paper and the literature review in a dissertation: the former is a general, balanced overview of a field; the latter is a focused review whose purpose is to set the context for a particular programme of research.” (p 93)

[“Position papers” … 93]

“The trick to position papers is distinctiveness; they are about portraying yourself as being interesting and having something to contribute. The key ingredients are: credentials (why I’m worth listening to); expression of interest (why I want to participate in the event); and position (what I can offer, and why I’m interesting).” (p 93)

[“Conclusion” … 93]

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