Government of Canada (2013). National Household Survey: Aboriginal Peoples.

Government of Canada (2013, May 8). National Household Survey: Aboriginal Peoples. Retrieved May 9, 2014, from

National Household Survey from Statistics Canada, 2011.

Number of First Nations people with registered Indian status who lived off-reserve in the Winnipeg census metropolitan area: 25,970. This represents 3.6% of the total census area population. This is the largest off-reserve First Nations population of any Canadian metropolitan area.

“Census metropolitan area (CMA): Area consisting of one or more neighbouring municipalities situated around a core. A census metropolitan area must have a total population of at least 100,000 of which 50,000 or more live in the core.”

“Membership in a First Nation or Indian band: An Indian band is defined as a body of Indians for whose collective use and benefit lands have been set apart or money is held by the Crown, or who have been declared to be a band for the purpose of the Indian Act. Many Indian bands have elected to call themselves a First Nation and have changed their band name to reflect this. With the 1985 amendment to the Indian Act of Canada (Bill C-31), many Indian bands exercised the right to establish their own membership code, whereby it was not always necessary for a band member to be a Registered Indian according to the Indian Act.”

“Registered or Treaty Indian (Status Indians): Registered Indians are persons who are registered under the Indian Act of Canada. Treaty Indians are persons who belong to a First Nation or Indian band that signed a treaty with the Crown. Registered or Treaty Indians are sometimes also called Status Indians.”

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