Adams (2015). Perception.

“I have always known that there were so many Indigenous people in Winnipeg who were leaders in the community or Indigenous people living average lives. … I realized how alive racism is in Winnipeg, and how many negative stereotypes of First Nations people are accepted as fact. I decided to ask models to pose for me and offered them a chance to label themselves.”

Urban Aboriginal Peoples Study. (2011) Winnipeg Report.


“The UAPS investigated a range of issues including (but not limited to) urban Aboriginal peoples’ communities of origin, Aboriginal cultures, community belonging, education, work, health, political engagement and activity, justice, relationships with Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal people, life aspirations and definitions of success, and experiences with discrimination.” (p 8)

CIHR, NSERC & SSHRC (2014). Research Involving the First Nations, Inuit, and Métis Peoples of Canada. (TCPS2 2014)


“First Nations, Inuit and Métis communities … share some core values such as reciprocity — the obligation to give something back in return for gifts received — which they advance as the necessary basis for relationships that can benefit both Aboriginal and research communities.” (p 109)